Sociologists are social scientists that study the structure of societies social groups social institutions and organizations as well as the type of social behavior that is typical in various cultures. Sociologists often specialize. For example some study tribal societies whereas others study modern industrialized societies. Some study religious institutions whereas others study political institutions or the economic or educational practices that exist in a society. Sociologists often work in academic settings both teaching and conducting research. However some sociologists are employed as policy analysts by the government or even by private organizations. Sociologists must be excellent at communicating their ideas in both written and oral form. They must be intellectually curious because they are expected to read numerous manuscripts and reports and spend time searching the scientific literature in order to come up with creative ideas on how to study their subject matter. In some cases sociologists go into the field to observe the groups or communities of interest. They must have especially well-developed quantitative and computer skills because much of what they write must be backed up by statistical analyses of empirical data and they are usually expected to publish their results in scientific journals or other outlets. They also travel to meetings where they present their findings orally and learn what other sociologists are studying. There are some entry-level jobs for those with bachelor’s degrees in sociology. However most jobs require at least a master’s degree and academic jobs generally call for a doctoral degree. The field of sociology is competitive and those most likely to snag well-paid jobs are likely to have advanced academic degrees. The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reports that the average annual salary for sociologists is approximately $81000.

Education Required: Bachelor's Degree
Avg Salary: $81000
High Salary: $122000
Low Salary: $40000
Tasks: Studies human behavior.
Researches how groups operate.
Observes cultures and society.
Writes reports on how humans react in particular situations.
Also Called: Social Scientist
Industrial Sociologist
Sociological Researcher
Cultural Sociologist
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