Physiologists are biological scientists that study how the body functions. They often work on teams with other health care professionals to diagnose problems or to rehabilitate or reduce the risk of people who suffer from physiological difficulties. According to the website physiologists fall into a number of different categories based on their specialization. Included among these categories are exercise physiology sports physiology cardiac physiology neurophysiology and respiratory physiology. Exercise physiologists focus on how exercise affects cardiovascular functioning and metabolism and they fashion exercise programs to rehabilitate people and to keep them healthy. Sports physiologists focus on the how people’s bodily functioning is affected by participating in sports and how their endurance can be improved. Cardiac physiologists focus on how the heart functions and how heart disease can be detected and treated through exercise programs. Neurophysiologists focus on the nervous system and do nerve conduction studies to assess the functioning of people with disorders such as epilepsy strokes or multiple sclerosis. Respiratory physiologists focus on breathing problems during both exercise and sleep. Aspiring physiologists need a bachelor’s degree but preferably a master’s degree to do applied work. However those that want to be employed by a college or university doing academic research and teaching need a doctoral degree in biology biochemistry human physiology neuroscience or a related field. The salaries physiologists earn depend greatly on specialty employer and geographical location. The Bureau of Labor Statistics reports the average annual income of physiologists working for the federal government is approximately $109500. However the website says that the median income for exercise physiologists overall is approximately $45100.

Education Required: Bachelor's Degree
Avg Salary: $77300
High Salary: $109500
Low Salary: $45100
Tasks: Studies the functions of living things.
Diagnoses problems within the body and assist in the recovery of function.
Determines ways to allow the body to work efficiently.
Studies how plants and animals function under both normal and abnormal conditions.
Also Called: Exercise Physiologist
Cardiac Physiologist
Sports Physiologist
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