Psychiatrists are medical doctors that work in the field of mental health. They analyze and diagnose the cognitive andor emotional problems patients are experiencing. They treat problems using medication psychotherapy andor psychoanalysis. They also determine whether patients need to be hospitalized or whether they can be treated on an outpatient basis. Some disorders can be treated on a short-term basis but others may potentially recur and thus need long-term follow-up. Psychiatrists can specialize in treating children adolescents or adults and they may specialize in certain disorders. For example psychiatrists employed by the military often have expertise in treating post-traumatic stress disorder. Forensic psychiatrists are expert in determining whether a person accused of a crime suffers from a mental disorder and is competent to stand trial. Yet others specialize in organic brain disorders such as dementia which are most likely to occur in the older adult population. Psychiatrists work in hospitals and clinics but after some years of experience they may have private practices. Some psychiatrists serve on the faculty of medical schools where they teach medical students conduct research on how to prevent and treat mental disorders publish their findings in scientific sources and give talks at professional meetings. Aspiring psychiatrists first earn a bachelor’s degree including courses in biology chemistry physics and mathematics as preferable in psychology and sociology as well. Then they attend and graduate from an accredited medical school and serve one year of internship followed by three years of residency in a psychiatric hospital. In all 50 states in the United States psychiatrists must pass a national exam to earn a license to practice. According to the website the median annual income for psychiatrists who have been in practice for five years is approximately $154000.

Education Required: Doctoral Degree
Avg Salary: $154000
High Salary: $184000
Low Salary: $124000
Tasks: Diagnoses and treats mental disorders.
Talks with clients to better understand their mental disorders.
Prescribes medications or other treatments.
Analyzes the progress of patients' treatment.
Also Called: Medical Doctor
Mental Health Physician
Mental Health Professional
Mental Health Care Giver
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