Nephrologists are medical doctors that specialize in diagnosing and treating kidney-related diseases. Some nephrologists are involved in administering kidney dialysis treatments and in some cases they perform kidney transplants. They also treat acute and chronic renal disease. The patients nephrologists treat often suffer from diabetes and hypertension and substance abuse. Nephrologists must first earn a bachelor’s degree including pre-medical courses in science. Then they must complete four years at an accredited medical school followed by three years of residency in internal medicine which qualifies them to become certified by the American Board of Internal Medicine. After obtaining this certification they serve a two- to three-year fellowship in nephrology and then pass an exam to become certified in this specialty. Throughout their careers nephrologists must attend continuing education courses to keep up with new findings and techniques in the field. As is the case with most physicians nephrologists often work 60 hours a week and they work closely with physicians that specialize in internal medicine and urology. Job opportunities for nephrologists are excellent especially in locations where there is a high rate of substance abuse. The website says that nephrologists’ earnings depend on factors such as location type of facility where they work and years of experience. According to the median salary for nephrologists in the United States is $186101. However the top annual salaries for those with experience can approximate $447000.

Education Required: Doctoral Degree
Avg Salary: $316550.5
High Salary: $447000
Low Salary: $186101
Tasks: Treats and manages renal diseases in patients.
Specializes in diseases that affect the kidneys.
Performs kidney transplants.
Prescribes dialysis treatments.
Also Called: Kidney Doctor
Medical Doctor
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