Immunologists sometimes called allergists are medical doctors that conduct research diagnose treat and manage diseases and disorders of the immune system. These include food and medication allergies colds and sinus infections asthma dermatitis and rhinitis and autoimmune diseases. To carry out their tasks immunologists examine patients often taking careful medical histories and performing blood and patch tests to determine the cause of the patient’s difficulty. Immunologists need many years of training. First they must complete a bachelor’s degree during which they follow a pre-medical program of study that includes science and mathematics. Most go on to earn a medical degree or a Doctor of Osteopathy degree which takes another four years. Following that they complete a three-year medical residency and then a two-year or three-year fellowship in immunology. They must be certified by passing an exam administered by the American Board of Allergy or Immunology. Once their training is complete and they are certified many take salaried jobs in health networks medical practices and clinics. Some immunologists choose focus on conducting research on cells genes proteins and their interaction in the healthy immune system and on what might be causing any compromise in its functioning. Researchers may work in academic settings or in some cases for private corporations that develop new ways to diagnose and treat immune system disorders. According to the website the job outlook for immunologists is excellent because there are more job opportunities than there are trained immunologists. Their median annual salary is approximately $228000.

Education Required: Doctoral Degree
Avg Salary: $228000
High Salary: $248000
Low Salary: $208000
Tasks: Manages immune system disorders.
Diagnoses allergies.
Monitors the functions of the body's immune system.
Develops therapies for treating immunological conditions.
Also Called: Immunology Researcher
Medical Doctor
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