Petrologists are often referred to as “geologists”. Geologists are scientists who study the origin history and structure of the earth. They study everything related to the earth’s make-up and how it moves and changes over time. Petrologists on the other hand are specialized types of geologists who focus on a more specific area of geology rocks. Petrologists are rock experts. They study all types of rocks ranging from tiny pebbles to enormous rock formations. They also study rocks that are exposed and visible to all humans as well as rocks that lay deep within the earth such as diamonds various types of minerals and petroleum deposits. According to petrologists take samples of rocks which sometimes requires using specialized equipment that can penetrate the earth and they study their elemental make-up. As they analyze their findings they compile reports that are used by the government and mining companies to determine whether a particular area should be further investigated as a source of natural resources that can be obtained for commercial use. The website states that petrologists work together with a team of scientists geologists mineralogists and others who form conclusions by analyzing research and data. Therefore an ability to communicate with others and work as part of a team is essential for this career. The minimum educational requirement for this profession is a bachelor’s degree however the majority of employers require that a master’s degree be earned. The website lists the average salary for a petrologist is $81220 per year.

Education Required: Bachelor's Degree
Avg Salary: $81220
High Salary: $91220
Low Salary: $71220
Tasks: Studies the strata of the earth's crust.
Researches rocks and rock formations.
Analyzes rock samples to determine their exact composition.
Prepares reports on what is found during research.
Also Called: Geologist
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