Meteorologists who are also sometimes called "atmospheric scientists" or "climatologists" study and analyze weather conditions and monitor air pollution. They make scientifically based predictions and forecasts and they convey warnings about approaching storms or weather disturbances to regions that are likely to be affected. For the most part the weather reports and forecasts that are aired on television have been prepared by professional meteorologists. Meteorologists use information from satellite images to determine current weather conditions and to forecast future conditions. They also use instruments that measure temperature humidity pressure wind speed and rainfall. This data can be entered into computer programs which will generate charts maps and diagrams that they use to make their predictions. Some meteorologists get their training in the armed services. For jobs outside the military however meteorologists must have a bachelor's degree in meteorology or engineering with courses in meteorology. Meteorology jobs with the federal government require a bachelor's degree with several courses in subjects such as weather analysis forecasting math and science. For academic positions at colleges and universities a master's or doctoral degree is necessary. The largest employer of meteorologists is the National Weather Service. Some meteorologists are assigned to remote stations but others work in metropolitan areas and near airports. Meteorologists can also work for government agencies that are concerned with weather or air pollution. Some meteorologists work for private industries which are most typically airlines or shipping companies or they may operate their own consulting business. The website says that the earnings depend on education experience and employer but the median annual salary for meteorologists is approximately $75300.

Education Required: Bachelor's Degree
Avg Salary: $75299.5
High Salary: $80499
Low Salary: $70100
Tasks: Studies the earth's atmosphere.
Analyzes weather conditions.
Creates weather forecasts.
Gathers and interprets data related to weather.
Also Called: Atmospheric Scientist
Physical Meteorologist
Weather Forecaster
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