Hydrologists study the physical characteristics of water as well as where is it found and how it circulates both above and below the surface of the earth. According to the website httpcareers.stateuniversity.com hydrologists study patterns of rainfall as well as how precipitation moves through rocks and soil and makes its way back to the ocean or evaporates into the air. Hydrologists play an important role in water conservation. They monitor wells and reservoirs and seek out new sources of water. However they also use scientific data to predict dangers such as water shortages and flooding and they test for water contamination using water samples. Hydrologists often perform their work on site but some of the tasks they do are laboratory based. Some states require hydrologists to be licensed but earning certification from the American Institute of Hydrology is usually acceptable. Hydrologists need a bachelor’s degree in a field related to hydrology such as geology geophysics soil science agricultural or civil engineering or forestry. Whatever the subject they must have a firm grasp of mathematics and science and they should be competent at using computer modeling to analyze and interpret data. However having a master’s degree makes them more marketable. Those with doctoral degrees usually want university faculty jobs which are competitive to obtain. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics the mean annual salary for hydrologists is approximately $77000. In general hydrologists who work for the federal government earn higher salaries than those who work in scientific research and development.

Education Required: Bachelor's Degree
Avg Salary: $77000
High Salary: $87000
Low Salary: $67000
Tasks: Analyzes the quantity, availability, and circulation of water.
Studies the relationship between water and the environment.
Plans and evaluates water resources.
Predicts where flooding and droughts may occur.
Also Called: Water Scientist
Additional Resources: http://careers.stateuniversity.com/pages/66/Hydrologist.html