Geologists are scientists who study the earth including its composition and all its formations. They investigate rocks minerals and various types of soil as they exist in their present state and predict also how they might evolve over time. According to the website geologists are often the ones to study volcanoes in order to determine when they might erupt so that people and communities can have some warning. They also study the causes and effects of earthquakes and they monitor faults with seismographs and other sensors so they can determine when earthquakes might occur. In addition they may monitor for possible tsunamis so coastal communities will have time to evacuate. Still other geologists specialize in evaluating whether oil or natural gas are present beneath the earth’s crust in specific locations. Those who aspire to a career in geology need a bachelor’s degree at the minimum. Many such geologists work in the private petroleum and natural gas companies where they use their expertise to locate sources of gas and oil by testing samples of rock and soil. Some bachelor’s level geologists teach earth science in high schools. However those with advanced degrees can teach courses in geology ecology and environmental studies at colleges and universities. Those with doctoral degrees are on university faculties where they teach and conduct research. They also publish their research findings in scientific journals. The website says that the median annual salary for geologists is approximately $69000.

Education Required: Bachelor's Degree
Avg Salary: $69500
High Salary: $74000
Low Salary: $65000
Tasks: Studies the rocks and minerals on Earth.
Analyzes the earth's crust.
Studies volcanoes to predict when they might erupt.
Monitors earthquake fault lines.
Also Called: Petrologist
Planetary Geologist
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