Metallurgy the science of metals is one of the materials sciences. According to the website httpcareers.stateuniversity.com there are two main branches of metallurgy extractive and physical. Metallurgy involves developing new alloys for products such as electronics equipment or automobiles. Physical metallurgical engineers make use of the most up-to-date scientific and technological findings to produce pure and usable metals. The techniques usually include the use of heat electric current or chemicals that result in usable metals. To be successful they must understand the structure and physical properties of metals and alloys as well as the processes that must be employed to convert pure metals into alloys that can be used to manufacture products such as lightweight but high-strength steel for automobile bodies or sheets of aluminum. Physical metallurgists usually work in laboratories or manufacturing plants. They use equipment such as electron microscopes X-ray machines and spectrographs. With regard to education physical metallurgical engineers must have at least a bachelor’s degree in metallurgical engineering metallurgy or materials science. However many jobs require a master’s degree or doctoral degree which can be earned in about two or four years respectively. According to the website www.education.com the median annual salary for physical metallurgical engineers is approximately $67000. Most jobs come with benefits such as medical insurance retirement plans paid vacations and some employers offer assistance for continuing education or advanced degrees.
|Education Required:||Bachelor's Degree|
|Tasks:||Develops methods of processing metals.
Adapts existing metals and alloys for new uses.
Manipulates the atomic and molecular structure of metallic materials.
Conducts research studies on metal ores.
|Also Called:||Metal Scientist