Librarians used to concentrate on keeping records of books and papers but much has changed in recent years. Librarians today must be experts at using computer technology to access data bases and conduct research online. They must be familiar with internet search methods and automated circulation systems and they must be knowledgeable about various sources of information. Some librarians serve in an instructional role helping patrons navigate the internet to find the information they need. According to the website librarians need a Master’s degree in library science (MLS) from a school that is accredited by the American Library Association in order to qualify for jobs in most public and academic libraries. Most MLS programs take from one to two years to complete. Librarians who want to work in a special area such as law medicine or engineering will need additional courses in that subject perhaps even a master’s or doctoral degree. For those who aspire to college teaching positions or to administrative positions in college university or large public library systems a Ph.D. in library and information science will make them competitive. School librarians do not always need an MLS but in most states they must be licensed. Most librarians need to participate in continuing education courses on a regular basis to stay abreast of new technology and information systems. Salaries depend on the qualifications of the individual librarian the extent to which a job involves administrative duties and the type size and location of the library. The median annual salary for all librarians is approximately $50000. Librarians that work for the federal government tend to earn higher salaries than those working in local libraries. In some jobs librarians are covered by union contracts.

Education Required: Master's Degree
Avg Salary: $50000
High Salary: $60000
Low Salary: $40000
Tasks: Recommends reading materials.
Assists library patrons in finding information.
Organizes shelves.
Develops databases to use for information searches.
Also Called: Library Scientist
Electronic Librarian
Media Specialist
Additional Resources: