Emergency medical technicians (EMTs) are dispatched by 911 operators to care for individuals who need immediate medical assistance due to automobile accidents heart attacks slips and falls childbirth gunshot wounds and other emergency situations. EMTs provide the appropriate immediate care until patients can be transported to a medical facility or in some cases moved from one medical facility to another. EMTs must document each trip they make replace any used supplies check equipment to make sure it is in good working order and in some cases decontaminate the ambulance if the transported patient had a contagious disease or was bleeding. According to the website www.bls.gov aspiring EMTs need a high school diploma or the equivalent after which they must complete a course of formal training that leads to licensure or certification. At a basic level the training includes practice in dealing with bleeding fractures airway obstruction cardiac arrest and emergency childbirth after which candidates must pass a state-mandated written and practical examination. Each state has its own standards for the intermediate level of training but in general candidates must have a certain number of hours of training that includes how to use advanced airway devices and administer intravenous fluids and medications. EMTs must be on call 24 hours a day and work hours can be irregular and in some cases involve more than 40 hours a week. In addition the job can be physically demanding because EMTs must lift and carry patients in need of treatment and in some cases they can be exposed to contagious diseases. Also EMTs must be emotionally stable because they often deal with stressful life-or-death situations. According to the website www.jobdiagnosis.com EMT earnings depend upon employer experience and job level but the salaries of those who work full-time range between $24000 and $42000 annually.
|Education Required:||High School Diploma & Certification and/or License|
|Tasks:||Provides on-scene medical treatment.
Travels to patients via ambulance, emergency vehicle, or helicopter.
Evaluates severity of illness or injury.
Works in high-stress emergency situations.