Bacteriologists are scientists devoted to the study of a group of single-celled micro-organisms that are classified as bacteria. Good bacteria are found everywhere on animals people plants soil and food. Harmful bacteria however can cause food contamination and illness. Some bacteria can be used to develop antibiotics that fight diseases.
Through their intricate and detailed scientific research bacteriologists can provide the information needed to prevent or treat bacterial infections in animals plants and humans. Also through their research they can discover how to use bacteria for the purpose of developing vaccines antibiotics and antiserums. They usually write reports about their research and they may travel to present their findings at scientific meetings.
Bacteriologists often specialize in fields such as public health pharmaceuticals hospital or clinical work or the fields of environment or biotechnology. Many are employed by county state or federal governments hospitals colleges and universities laboratories or companies that deal with industries such as agriculture food and beverages or pharmaceuticals. They often work on multidisciplinary teams with geneticists biochemists microbiologists and chemical engineers.
The minimum requirement for an entry-level job is a bachelors degree in microbiology but in most cases bacteriologists hold a masters degree and some even have M.D. andor Ph.D. degrees. Entry-level bacteriologists with bachelors degrees earn approximately $32000. However Payscale.com states that the annual salaries for experienced bacteriologists with graduate degrees range from approximately $49000 to $72000 and up.